The Fall of Famagusta: The Anniversary of the Turkish Conquest and Occupation of Famagusta
Klearchos A. Kyriakides
Director, Democracy and Rule of Law Program (ERPIC)
29 July 2021
On the 20th of July 2021, on the 47th anniversary of the first of the two Turkish invasions of the Republic of Cyprus, President Erdogan paid a visit to the Turkish-occupied north of the Republic of Cyprus and oversaw the initiation of a new phase in the history of the occupied city of Famagusta. Of course, Turkey does not regard itself as an occupying power and that’s one of the problems that is the core of the predicament that confronts the Republic of Cyprus, the European Union of which it forms part, and the wider democratic world. Those three entities – the Republic of Cyprus, the European Union and the wider democratic world – are locked in a geopolitical struggle with Turkey over the destiny of the post-1945 legal order. That order has already been thrashed by Turkey and by certain other international actors, and it is almost on a life support machine as a result of one violation after another by one state after another. And Famagusta in a sense symbolizes what has gone wrong with the post-1945 legal order.
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